About the course:
Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) reports are prepared to identify and assess the probable impacts, positive or negative, on the various facets of environment from proposed developmental and industrial projects. Along with the EIA, an Environment Management Plan (EMP) is also prepared which details out the mitigation measures to minimize the negative impacts of the project on the environment. EIA together with EMP completes the report. EIA-EMP reports are required for obtaining environmental clearance for most of the projects in our country as per the EIA Notification of 2006 under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986.
Preparation of EIAs require knowledge about the concerned Sector of the Industry/ Developmental project and its environmental, ecological and social ramifications. These reports require multi-disciplinary inputs related to land use, air pollution, water pollution, noise and vibration, geology, hydrogeology, ecology, socio-economy etc. Thus, for preparation of EIAs, experts in 12 areas of expertise called Functional Area Experts (FAEs) are required. The person coordinating the study is called the EIA Coordinator (EC).
QCI-NABET being the national accreditation body, developed an accreditation Scheme for EIA Consultant Organizations. The Scheme details out the expertise and facilities required by a consultancy organization wishing to conduct an EIA-EMP study and defines the criteria of assessment. The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) mandated, first by an Office Memorandum on Dec 2, 2009 and then through a Notification dated March 3, 2015 that only consultants accredited under the QCI- NABET Scheme can prepare and present EIA-EMPs to the regulatory authorities for obtaining environmental clearances.
Over the years about 180 consultant organizations have been accredited by QCI-NABET across the country. This has given rise to requirement of experts in the various knowledge areas mentioned earlier. These applied fields are not always specifically covered in the curricula of formal education.
As a part of QCI-NABET initiative for capacity building of the EIA Consultant Organizations in the country, On-line training programmes are being launched.
The courses on Air Pollution aspects will cover two expertise areas defined in the Scheme – Air pollution monitoring, prevention and control (AP) and Meteorology, air quality modelling and prediction (AQ). There are 6 Modules for this course as follows –
- Module 1- Basics of atmospheric sciences and air quality modelling
- Module 2 -Rules and regulations applicable to AP and AQ in respect of EIAs
- Module 3 -Air pollution measurement and interpretation of baseline data
- Module 4 -Assessment of potential pollution generation (sources, quantities and concentration)
- Module 5 -Impact identification, assessment including modelling
- Module 6 -Air pollution prevention and mitigation
What you will learn:
The Modules while explaining the basic theoretical aspects, emphasize on the applied areas of the two functional areas. The various issues are explained with examples which will help you understand how in the actual field these are to be applied. The broad coverage of the 6 Modules are as under:
Module 1 – Atmospheric sciences and modelling
- Atmospheric science including composition and structure, seasons, solar insolation, calm conditions, boundary layer conditions
- Air pollution meteorology including temperature, precipitation, solar radiation, cloud cover, humidity, wind speed and direction, adiabatic lapse rate, inversion, mixing height, turbulence and diffusion, stability classes, long range transport, basics of Gaussian diffusion equation, preparing wind rose diagrams, atmospheric diffusion computations
- Air quality modelling explaining different models and the inputs required.
Module 2 – Rules and regulations
- The EP Act’ 86 including the EIA Notification 2006
- The Air Act’ 81 and its amendments including National Ambient Air Quality standards
:2009, updated emission standards for industries, vehicles and fuel quality
Module 3 – Air pollution measurement and interpretation of baseline data
- Sources and type of air pollution, chemistry of air pollutants.
- Criteria for site selection for air pollution sampling stations, methodology for micro-meteorological measurement, sampling procedures
- Methods for measuring air pollutants in ambient air, work and stack emission including QA – QC and seasons for baseline monitoring
- Interpretation of baseline data including comparing with norms & standards, finding the gaps with respect to such norms/standards, analysing the significance of such gaps in respects of potential impacts
Module 4 – Assessment of potential pollution generation –
- Site characteristics including climate, topography, land-use, vegetation, crop fields, wildlife area, water body, human settlements, industry etc affecting generation of air pollutants
- Process flow diagram and broad material balance to identify sources and type of
potential air pollutants
- Emission sources including industry specific and from different fuels, assessing potential emission load from a project
Module 5 – Impact identification and assessment including modelling
- Identification of receptors – physical (vegetation, water body, wildlife, health
Impacts), archaeological, aesthetic and social (odour)
- Methodologies for identification of impacts (checklist, matrix)
- Nature of impact (positive, negative, direct, indirect, induced, cumulative, short term, long term, reversible, irreversible), extent, duration, intensity of impact (local, regional, national and trans boundary, temporary, short term, long term, permanent, low, medium and high intensity, routine, non-routine
- Effect of pollutants on human health, plants, crops, vegetation, monuments
Module 6 – Air Pollution prevention and Mitigation –
- Concept of ‘prevention of air pollution’, cleaner technologies and clean fuels.
- Control Technologies – basic design criteria and suitability for air pollution control equipment (gravity settlers, cyclones, ESPs, Bag filters, wet and dry scrubbers, FGD, DeNOx, chillers, condensers, etc)
- Reduction and control of fugitive emissions
- Operation and maintenance of APCE, cost estimates with examples
Qualification Criteria –
The course can be taken by any student or professional. But those aiming to be eligible for the QCI-NABET Accreditation Scheme, should meet the qualification requirements specified in the Scheme which are as follows:
For FAE AP –
Engineering – Environmental, Chemical, Mechanical, Civil, Mining, Chemical Technology, Master’s degree in science subjects, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Management, Environmental studies, Industrial Pollution Control, Chemical Technology, Physics, Chemistry and the like
For FAE AQ –
Engineering – Environmental, Civil, Chemical, Master’s degree in Meteorology, Environmental Sciences, Environmental management, Environmental Studies, Industrial Pollution Control, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Statistics, Atmospheric Sciences and the like
Benefits of Certification –
Going through the Air Pollution training modules will –
- Equip the student to appreciate the applied aspects of this field improving his/her chances of employment in the environment profession
- Experienced experts may refresh their knowledge and skill helping them in their professional work even as a freelancer
- Improve his/her chances to be approved as an FAE in AP and AQ under the QCI-NABET Scheme